Intolerance of activities – Care plan and intervention measures
14. April 2019 Health Care
Here is the correct definition of intolerance to activities.
Activity hypersensitivity occurs when our body does not have enough energy to perform daily tasks.
Hypersensitivity to activity is mainly caused by weakness and certain chronic or acute diseases. This is a serious problem for adult patients who have already had problems with cardiopulmonary, orthopaedic or diabetic diseases. An increase in age leads to a decrease in muscle strength and function. It also affects people who are athletes or who spend more time sitting down. It is disturbing for really active people who exercise regularly. Activity hypersensitivity is often confused with fatigue, but they are two different terms that serve different purposes. Fatigue can cause the patient to become tired, but the purpose of tolerance is to increase the tolerance and endurance of the activity. On the contrary, fatigue does not increase stamina.
Reasons for intolerance to activities:
Factors leading to intolerance to activities are listed below.
- Side effects of the drugs
- Long beds
- Poor oxygen supply
- Less sleep
- Extreme Depression
- Severe pain
- critical tension
- High metabolic requirements
Symptoms of activity intolerance:
- Unusual discomfort / shortness of breath during activities
- Irregular blood pressure
- inability to perform normal work
- Signs of fatigue, dizziness and weakness.
- Lack of sleep and motivation
- Frequency of depression and pain
- Heartbeat, dizziness and slow breathing.
Results expected from the successful implementation of the Action Plan against Tolerance:
- The patient is able to give a constructive verbal response to the level of activity.
- The patient is able to demonstrate and apply productive energy management.
- The patient is able to perform primary activities without feeling a lack of energy.
- The patient is able to demonstrate an improvement in his body.
- The patient is able to maintain well-organized cardiovascular and respiratory functions.
Hypersensitivity interventions are used to improve the patient’s condition or to stop the activity. The activities are carried out by a patient or a team of doctors. Activities that can help the patient cope with activity intolerance include
- Increase exercise, start regular exercise, but be careful with stretching the muscles, which should nourish the cardiovascular system. The exercises help to improve the psychological condition of the patient.
- Occasionally pay attention to the patient’s recovery and make sure it goes well.
- Encourage regular rest periods between training sessions.
- Don’t waste energy on irrelevant activities and save it for productive activities.
- Help the patient design and organize activities and evaluate them based on positive changes in service delivery.
- Draw up an eating plan and eating habits for the patient.
- Minimize cardiovascular decontamination through adequate exercise.
- Maintain the gradual development of activities to increase efficiency.
- Teach the patient healthy habits.
- If the patient’s condition deteriorates at any time, the rehabilitation process must be stopped.
- Provide the patient with good breathing capacity and motivate him to improve his cardiovascular function and reduce his stress level.
- The patient should wear clothing that does not obstruct blood flow or oxygen supply.
Maintenance work to ensure the tolerance of the activity:
- Create instructions and goals for patient activities
- Assessment of the need for additional home care
- Does the patient act rather slowly or for long periods of time with interruptions?
- Gradually more sitting and standing activity
- Hang your feet on the bed for at least ten minutes every day.
- Do not take unnecessary measures
- Help in daily life to avoid dependency on the patient
- Make sure there’s a toilet next to the patient.
- Motivation of the patient to physical activity according to his energy level.
- Plan actions during the period that the patient has the maximum energy level.
- Verbal sensory inspiration
- Stimulate the range of motor exercises and ensure that the patient is involved in the planning of activities.
- Offer psychological help and be positive about your abilities.
- Providing the patient with the most suitable equipment
- Teach the patient to recognize the signs of physical overactivity.
Gently improve the performance of patients with any of the following:
- Sitting and standing exercise
- A deep physical effort of breathing, at least three times a day.
- Sit in chairs for at least 30 minutes a day.
- At least one minute per day in enclosed spaces
- And then take a walk in the open air around the house.
Patient education using the following energy-saving methods:
- Carrying out tasks while seated
- Change position regularly.
- Pushing instead of pulling
- Pushing instead of lifting
- Working at constant speed
- Place the most commonly used items closer to the bed.
- Relax for at least an hour before starting a new activity.
- Organize a work and rest schedule
Objectives and results of the action plan to combat intolerance in nursing:
The goals and results of care activities for patients with intolerance are as follows:
- The patient will be aware of aspects that exacerbate intolerance to activities.
- The patient will describe his or her ability to be active in daily life.
- The patient will use energy saving methods
- The patient learns methods to reduce his intolerance to the activity.
- Patient maintains blood pressure after activity in less time
- The patient will be tolerant during training.
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